Home industri lebih survive dari pada industri besar, pemahaman yang lebih kuat akan proses produksi membuat home industri lebih mampu dan tahan banting terhadap perubahan zaman.

Kamis, 26 Januari 2012

sterno ( spiritus padat )

Sterno ("Canned Heat") is a fuel made from denatured and jellied alcohol. It is designed to be burned directly from its can. Its primary uses are in the food service industry for buffetheating and in the home for fondue and as a chafing fuel for heating chafing dishes. Other uses are for camp stoves and as an emergency heat source. wiki

          STA                                    5     Gram
          Soda Jenuh                         7     ml
          Alkohol 96 %                     3,5  ml
          Methanol                       100     ml
                 1.     Timbang STA = 5 Gram
2.     (1) + Soda Jenuh = 7 ml, dipanaskan diatas water bath sampai semua bahan leleh.
3.     (2) dipanaskan selama 15 menit.
4.     (3) + Alkohol 96 % = 1,5 ml sedikit demi sedikit sambil diaduk-aduk.
5.     Ambil Methanol = 100 ml , dipanaskan diatas water bath sampai hangat.
6.     (4) + (5) ,aduk kemudian dipanaskan diatas water bath sampai jernih.
7.     (6) tuang kedalam cetakan, biarkan sampai keras..

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Rabu, 25 Januari 2012

Membuat alkaline mineral water

Calcium equilibrium was described by Professor B.E.C. Nordin in an editorial in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition:
Calcium intake, absorption, and excretion make up the 3 components of the calcium paradigm. To remain in calcium balance, net absorbed calcium (the difference between dietary intake and fecal output) has to equal calcium losses in the urine and through the skin. If that is not achieved, the calcium balance becomes negative and the difference between intake and output is drawn from the skeleton to maintain the (ionized) calcium in the extracellular fluid. Sooner or later, probably in a matter of days, this requires bone breakdown and the development of osteoporosis.
Calcium (Ca++) intake is important at all ages, but the need is higher during childhood, fetal growth, pregnancy, and lactation. Epidemiological, animal, and clinical studies show that the occurrence of osteoporosis decreases as the dietary calcium intake increases. A diet that is fortified in calcium may reduce the rate of age-related bone loss and hip fractures, especially among adult women. In spite of this knowledge, nutritional surveys indicate that more than half of North Americans consume inadequate levels of calcium and, on average, adult women consume only 60% of the required daily calcium intake. Many foods, such as orange juice, are now fortified with calcium, but naturally bioavailable calcium is found almost exclusively in milk, milk products, and water. Drinking water may be a significant source of calcium, and calcium-rich mineral water may provide over one-third of the recommended dietary intake of this mineral in adults.
Epidemiological studies also suggest that increased dietary intake of magnesium (Mg++) reduces the occurrence of schemic heart disease, cardiac arrhythmias, and sudden death. Increased levels of magnesium in drinking water are associated with decreased occurrence of cardiac disease. The majority of the U.S. population consumes less than the daily magnesium requirement, and many individuals ingest less than 80% of the recommended level. Magnesium is found in foods such as nuts, green leafy vegetables, cereals, and seafood. However, magnesium in water is highly bioavailable, and is absorbed approximately 30% faster and better than magnesium from food.
 Mineral Water Recipes:

 Recipe 1: Calcium/Magnesium water
  • 1 liter filtered tap water
  • 1/8 tsp. magnesium sulfate (epsom salts)
  • 1/8 tsp. calcium chloride

 Recipe 2: Alkaline Magnesium water
  • 1 liter filtered tap water
  • 1/8 tsp. (teaspoon) sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) 
  • 1/8 tsp. potassium bicarbonate
  • 1/8 tsp. magnesium sulfate (epsom salts)
NOTE: Calcium Chloride should not be combined with the bicarbonates because calcium carbonate precipitates. The sodium bicarbonate becomes sodium chloride (table salt), and potassium bicarbonate becomes potassium chloride.
Ca++ + 2 HCO3- → CaCO3 + H2CO3
H2CO3 → H2O + CO2
Measure carefully. Make sure that the spoons are level and not heaping. If you cannot find a measuring spoon set with 1/8 teaspoon, you can double the recipe. Use two liters of water and the more common 1/4 teaspoon measure. It is advisable to filter the source tap water with a water filter pitcher to assure that the water does not have heavy metals such as lead. Mix all the ingredients until the mineral salts are completely dissolved.
All these ingredients are GRAS (generally recognized as safe) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
  • Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate (MgSO4·7H2O) is better known as Epsom salts, and has laxative properties when more than 2 teaspoons are ingested at one time. Epsom salts are sold in most drugstores and some grocery stores.
  • Calcium chloride (CaCl2) is used to preserve the crispness of vegetables during pickling. Food grade calcium chloride is available from shops that provide ingredients for canning and food preservation such as or Grandma Gertie's Cooking Supplies
  • Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), baking soda, is used as an antacid and a leavening agent in self-rising flours. It has wide application in making fluffy baked products. Baking soda is available in most grocery stores. Do not confuse baking soda with baking powder.
  • Potassium bicarbonate (KHCO3) is used to neutralize the acidity of wines and keep them from being too tart. Potassium bicarbonate can be obtained from winemaking suppliers such as HomeBrewers.comPresque Isle Wine Cellars, or Grandma Gertie's Cooking Supplies.
The bicarbonates make the water alkaline and can increase the pH of body fluids.
The molecular weight of these compounds can be used to calculate the amount of each mineral in the recipe.
Molar mass of CaCl2 = 110.984 g/mol (36.112% Ca by weight)
Molar mass of MgSO4·7H2O = 246.475 g/mol (9.861% Mg by weight)
Molar mass of NaHCO3 = 84.007 g/mol (27.367% Na by weight)
Molar mass of KHCO3 = 100.115 g/mol (39.053% K by weight)

Since 1/8 tsp of each ingredient weighs approximately 0.6 grams (600 mg), the amount of each mineral can be calculated by multiplying the percentage by weight in the molar mass of the compound times the weight used in the recipe, e.g., 600mg × 0.27 for sodium. NOTE: The composition of home-made mineral water also depends on the minerals present in the water before addition of these mineral salts. Check with the water commission in your area to obtain an analysis of the minerals in your local water source. For example, the tap water in Washington, D.C. [4] has the following average concentrations of minerals in mg/L: Ca 38.9, Mg 10.3, Na 20.5, K 3.3.
 Mineral Composition of the Water

 Recipe 1: Calcium/Magnesium water
 Calcium   Ca++216 mg/L
 Magnesium   Mg++    59 mg/L

 Recipe 2: Alkaline Magnesium water
 Magnesium   Mg++    59 mg/L
 Sodium   Na+ 162 mg/L
 Potassium   K+234 mg/L
 Bicarbonate   HCO3-798 mg/L
For comparison, the table below lists the mineral compositions of several commercially available bottled waters in North America and in Europe. The mineral content of the Calcium/Magnesium water recipe above is similar to that of European waters with moderate mineral content, such as San Pellegrino from Italy. The European waters with a high mineral content are high in sodium and have a salty taste.
Adding Carbonation
Many mineral waters are effervescent when they emerge from the ground. The fizzines is due to dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) which forms bubbles as the water is decompressed from a high underground pressure to the atmospheric pressure on the surface. You can make your mineral water effervescent using a soda siphon and carbon dioxide cartridges like the ones illustrated here. Once you have prepared the mineral water recipe, pour it into the soda siphon, and plug in the carbon dioxide cartridge following the manufacturer's instructions. The soda siphon with the carbonated water may be kept in the refrigerator until ready for use.

More and more people are using Sodium Bicarbonate Water since it’s easy to obtain and a natural way to alter the acidic content in your body. Athletes use it to help the body retain water for longer periods of time. However, most people don’t know what they need to know about this natural mineral. Here’s some information on Sodium Bicarbonate that you’ll definitely want to know before drinking Sodium Bicarbonate. sodium bicarbonate water

Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) is a white crystalline powder commonly known to as baking soda. It is classified as an acid salt, formed by combining an acid (carbonic) and abase (sodium hydroxide), and it reacts with other chemicals as a mild alkali. At temperatures above 300°F (149°C), sodium bicarbonate decomposes into sodium carbonate (a more stable substance), water, and carbon dioxide.

In addition to its many home uses, sodium bicarbonate also has many industrial applications. For instance, sodium bicarbonate releases carbon dioxide when heated. Since carbon dioxide is heavier than air, it can smother flames by keeping oxygen out, making sodium bicarbonate a useful agent in fire extinguishers. Other applications include air pollution control (because it absorbs sulfur dioxide and other acid gas emissions), abrasive blastings for removal of surface coatings, chemical manufacturing, leather tanning, oil well drilling fluids (because it precipitates calcium and acts asa lubricant), rubber and plastic manufacturing, paper manufacturing, textile processing, and water treatment (because it reduces the level of lead and other heavy metals).

The native chemical and physical properties of sodium bicarbonate account for its wide range of applications, including cleaning, deodorizing, buffering, and fire extinguishing.
 Sodium bicarbonate neutralizes odors chemically, rather than masking or absorbing them. Consequently, it is used in bath salts and deodorant body powders. Sodium bicarbonate tends to maintain a pH of 8.1 (7 is neutral) even when acids, which lower pH, or bases, which raise pH, are added to the solution. Its ability to tabletize makes it a good effervescent ingredient in antacids and denture cleaning products. Sodium bicarbonate is also found in some anti-plaque mouthwash products and toothpaste. When sodium bicarbonate is used as a cleaner in paste form or dry on a damp sponge, its crystalline structure provides a gentle abrasion that helps to remove dirt without scratching sensitive surfaces. Its mild alkalinity works to turn up fatty acids contained in dirt and grease into a form of soap that can be dissolved in water and rinsed easily. Sodium bicarbonate is also used as a leavening agent in making baked goods such as bread or pancakes. When combined with an acidic agent (such as lemon juice),carbon dioxide gas is released and is absorbed by the product's cells. As the gas expands during baking, the cell walls expand as well, creating a leavened product.

berikut adalah beberapa US PATENT untuk alkaline water
1. Alkaline additive for drinking water
2. Porous ceramic for producing alkali ion water, method for producing the ...
3. Process for producing improved alkaline drinking water and the product ...
4. Alkali Buffer + Minerals Supplement Additive
7. Processed water and therapeutic uses thereof
8. Alkaline water-soluble thermoplastic resin and adhesive comprising the same
9.Composition and therapeutic uses thereof
10. Electrolyzer for alkaline water electrolysis

Minggu, 22 Januari 2012

Probiotik untuk obat kulit

Penggunaan bakteri probiotik, spora dan supernatant sebagai agen aktif dalam komposisi pengobatan topical ( US 7807185 B2) untuk pembuatan cream, salep, ointment, bedak, lotion, serum.

Bioterra adalah salah satu produk probiotik yang sudah teruji secara klinis, merupakan formula super dari bahan alami air kelapa, air embun, madu, rempah rempah dan susu yang dipadukan dengan multi probiotik lactobacillus sp., bifidobacterium, dan staphylococcus thermophillus, serta kultur bakteri penyeimbang. Dalam konsentrat larutan probiotik dan prebiotik dosis tinggi, dengan rasa manis aroma khas fermentasi.
Groin ( selangkang ), armpit ( ketiak ) yang hitam yang berasa gatal dan berbau tidak sedap merupakan hasil aktifitas bakteri pathogen ( merugikan ), dengan menggunakan cream atau bedak bioterra selangkangan dan ketiak hitam bias disembuhkan,.. malah bias menjadi lebih putih.

US 7544 363 B2 Berikut ini adalah beberapa formulasi mengacu pada US paten diatas.

Berikut adalah formulasi untuk pembuatan salep

Formulasi untuk cairan, teteskan ke kulit.

Formulasi untuk bedak

Sedangkan untuk perawatan vagina, formulasinya lebih kompleks

Sediaan cair ( tisu, semprot )
Probiotik  ( bioterra )                         cc
Lactic acid                                        cc
Surfactant cg 110                              cc
Sirih                                                  cc
Majakani                                           cc
Kayu rapet                                        cc
Jembe                                               cc           
Gambir                                              cc
Kunir putih                                         cc
Sambiroto                                          cc
Aloevera                                            cc
Delima putih                                       cc
Gliserin                                               cc
Nipagin                                               gr
Nipasol                                               gr
Aquades                                             cc

Surfaktan cg 110 terbukti membantu treatment vagina ,US Patent method for inhibiting n treating vaginal infection. Herbal yang digunakan dalam bentuk ekstrak atau cairan.

Sediaan dalam bentuk serbuk

Probiotik serbuk
Tawas                                        …..… more

Pakde jongko

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Kamis, 19 Januari 2012


pembuatan sabun dan cream bioterra

Formulasi khusus dari bahan alami air kelapa, air embun, ditambah rempah-rempah dan susu yang dipadukan dengan probiotik lactobacillus sp. serta kultur bakteri penyeimbang. Dalam konsentrat probiotik dan prebiotik dosis sedang, dengan aroma fermentasi rempah-rempah.
Bermanfaat untuk:
membersihkan pencernaan/cleansing, pembuangan racun/ detoksifikasi, menguatkan daya kekebalan tubuh, meningkatkan stamina, mengatasi alergi.
Dapat digunakan untuk terapi berbagai penyakit stadium ringan. Juga untuk mengatasi infeksi luar tubuh, seperti luka gores, luka bakar, gigitan hewan berbisa. Dikumur dan ditelan untuk infeksi mulut.
Aturan minum :
Untuk terapi penyembuhan 3xsehari @ 3 sendok makan. Untuk menjaga kesehatan 2xsehari @ 2 sendok makan. Anak s/d 12 thn setengah dosis dewasa. Bayi s/d 1 thn 3-5 tetes. Balita 1/2 -1 sendok teh. Boleh dicampurkan dalam minuman kesukaan.
Demikian bioterra, sedangkan menurut uju klinis ITB ( bahwa produk Bio terra mempunyai aktivitas imunostimulan (anti virus) ditunjukkan khususnya dengan peningkatan jumlah leukosit dan peningkatan indeks organ limpa. imunostimulan adalah senyawa tertentu yang dapat meningkatkan mekanisme pertahanan tubuh baik secara spesifik maupun non-spesifik. Produk imunostimulan dapat digunakan sebagai pencegahan maupun untuk penanganan kondisi inveksi akibat virus (misalnya meningitis, hepatitis, dan silent subclinical infection akibat cytomegalovirus).
Disebutkan juga mengandung lactobacillus sp ( bakteri probiotik),.......

Lactobacillus adalah genus bakteri gram-positif , anaerobik fakultatif atau mikroaerofilik. Genus bakteri ini membentuk sebagian besar dari kelompok bakteri asam laktat, dinamakan demikian karena kebanyakan anggotanya dapat mengubah laktosa dan gula lainnya menjadi asam laktat. Kebanyakan dari bakteri ini umum dan tidak berbahaya bagi kesehatan. Dalam manusia, bakteri ini dapat ditemukan di dalam vagina dan sistem pencernaan, dimana mereka bersimbiosis dan merupakan sebagian kecil dari flora usus. Banyak spesies dari Lactobacillus memiliki kemampuan membusukkan materi tanaman yang sangat baik. Produksi asam laktatnya membuat lingkungannya bersifat asam dan mengganggu pertumbuhan beberapa bakteri merugikan. Beberapa anggota genus ini telah memiliki genom sendiri ( Wiki )
adanya lactobacillus sp merupakan pabrik untuk pembentukan asam laktat ( asam susu ). asam laktat sangan berperan dalam pengaturan pH vagina dan merupakan komponen pembentukan AHA ( alfa hidroksi acid), yang bermanfaat untuk memutihkan kulit muka. Dengan demikian bioterra merupakan agen untuk perawatan vagina dan agen untuk perawatan kulit.
Berikut ini akan dijelaskan pembuatan sabun susu beras yang mengandung bioterra, olive oil, aloevera, rice brand oil, minyak kelapa. mempunyai fungsi untuk mencerahkan kulit wajah/badan dari bekas-bekas hitam 100% ORI dari rice brand oil dengan aroma wangi green tea yang harum, lembut dan dengan busa yang sangat halus dan dapat menjadikan kulit lebih putih cerah, cantik dan bersih.
bahan yang digunakan untuk pembuatan sabun susu beras bioterra
  1. minyak kelapa
  2. minyak sawit
  3. kaustik soda
  4. aquades
  5. aloeverra
  6. olive oil
  7. rice brand oil
  8. garam
  9. tepung beras
  10. bioterra
untuk bikin bisa mengacu ke duraposita
berikut ini adalah nilai positif dari sabun beras bioterra
Produk kecantikan dari bahan alami
Tiada mengandung bahan kimia
Membersihkan dan mencerahkan kulit
Menghilangkan bintik-bintik hitam
Menghaluskan kulit
Membuat kulit lembab berseri2
Berfungsi untuk menjadikan kulit lebih halus, bebas kotoran, dan kenyal
Menghilangkan bekas jerawat dan jerawat
Berfungsi menanggalkan bekas make up pada wajah
Berfungsi mencerahkan ketiak hitam,celah-celah paha dan lutut, serta siku hitam
Aman untuk semua jenis kulit termasuk kulit kering dan kulit sensitif
Dapat digunakan untuk kulit wajah dan tubuh
Dapat menghilangkan BB alias Bau Badan

Selanjutnya adalah cream malam yang menggunakan bioterra, yang bermanfaat untuk memutihkan kulit dan wajah, mengandung anti kerut, mencerahkan kulit dan wajah.
bahan yang digunakan untuk membuat night cream biotera.

( Anti wrinkle agent )
  1. emulium delta                              20 grm
  2. lexemul cs 20                               50 grm
  3. Cosmo wax                                   15 gram 
  4. MPG                                              30 cc 
  5. Glycerin                                      30 cc 
  6. Dimethicone 100 cps                4 cc 
  7. Olive oil                                      10 cc 
  8. Nipagin                                        2 gram 
  9. Nipasol                                         0,5 gram 
  10. BHT                                            0,2 gram 
  11. Aquadest                                   750 cc 
  12. Extrak Cammomile                 20 cc 
  13. Extrak Aloe vera                      10 cc 
  14. Lactic acid                                   1 cc 
  15. Citric acid                                 0,5 gram 
  16. Malic acid                               0,5 gram 
  17. bioterra                                      2cc

1.     Timbang  Lexemul CS – 20 = 50 gram, emulium delta , masuk wadah
2.     Timbang Cosmo wax  = 15  gram , masuk wadah
3.     Ukur MPG = 30  cc , masuk wadah
4.     Ukur Glycerin = 30  cc , masuk wadah
5.     Ukur Dimethicone = 4 cc , masuk wadah
6.     Ukur Olive oil 10 = cc , masuk wadah
7.     Timbang Nipagin = 2 gram , masuk wadah
8.     Timbang Nipasol = 0,5  gram , masuk wadah
9.     Timbang BHT = 0,2  gram , masuk wadah
10.  Ukur Aquadest = 750  cc , masuk wadah
11.   Semua bahan yang ada di wadah dipanaskan sampai leleh dan
          tercampur rata
12.  (11) diaduk – aduk sampai mengental dan terbentuk emulsi / cream
13.                        (12) + Extrak Aloe Vera = 10 cc , aduk sampai rata
14.                        (13) + Extrak Cammomile = 20  cc , aduk sampai rata
15.                        (14) + Lactic acid =  1 gram aduk samapai rata
16.                        (15) + Citric acid = 0,5 gram aduk sampai rata
17.                        (16) + Malic acid = 0,5 gram, dan bioterra 2 cc aduk sampai rata
18.                        (17) + parfum secukupnya, aduk sampai  rata

  demikianlah peluang bioterra untuk perawatan dan kecantikan kulit.

pakde jongko